Symptoms of Typhoid Fever and How to Prevent it

Once a much-feared disease in the Western world, typhoid fever is now far less prevalent in developed countries. Today, it is most commonly found in areas of the globe that have poor sanitation like parts of India, Africa, the Middle East, and South America.

Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi and infects humans via ingestion of contaminated food and water or by close contact with someone who is infected. Symptoms usually develop within a week or two following exposure.

Symptoms of Typhoid Fever

  • A high fever of up to 40℃
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue and general achiness
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation or diarrhea

How is Typhoid Fever Treated?
Antibiotics are the only effective treatment. Once the course of antibiotics begins, symptoms should improve within a few days. Without treatment, symptoms will continue to become worse, possibly becoming life-threatening or even fatal. Immediate medical treatment is vital.

Depending on where you are when you contract typhoid fever, it may not be easy to obtain medical treatment right away. That is why typhoid fever prevention is an essential precaution for anyone travelling to an area where they may be at risk of exposure.

Can I Prevent Typhoid Fever?
Currently, the best way to prevent Typhoid Fever is twofold.  First, vaccination is highly recommended if you will be travelling to an area that is considered high risk for Typhoid.  Then, whilst there, you should take additional precautions:

  • Only drink bottled water
  • Avoid raw fruits/veg
  • Choose hot foods
  • Wash your hands with hot, soapy water
  • Know where to find the nearest medical attention

You should aim to get any travel vaccinations 6-8 weeks before your trip so there will be time to establish themselves in your system. If you’re faced with last-minute flight plans, the travel clinic does offer same-day appointments.

Miles Pharmacy is a well-established family-managed pharmacy that offers a comprehensive travel vaccination clinic in Epsom. During your appointment, you will have a private consultation with a specially trained pharmacist. They will assess which vaccines are appropriate for your trip and administer them. They will also provide specialist advice to ensure you stay healthy and happy during your travels.

If you have an upcoming trip and you want to ensure you have adequate typhoid fever prevention, make an appointment today for Miles Pharmacy’s Travel Clinic in Epsom. They provide typhoid fever vaccinations and other essential travel vaccinations at their full-service clinic.