Knowing about the health risks that can develop when travelling abroad is essential. For example, a diarrhoeal disease like cholera is common in developing countries; hence, one should know what it is and how to prevent it. An essential way to control cholera is by taking precautions when consuming food or drinks and frequently washing your hands.
You must know some common cholera facts if you plan on international travel. Here we have answered the most common cholera FAQs.
It is a bacterial infection caused by a bacteria called the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The most common symptoms of cholera include watery diarrhoea and vomiting, which can often lead to dehydration. The most common source of cholera is through contaminated food and water. If it remains untreated, then it can even lead to death.
The symptoms develop from 1 to 10 days after getting infected. Commonly the symptoms produced are mild to moderate.
Cholera is majorly spread through the consumption of contaminated food or water. Developing areas with poor sanitation or where human waste can contaminate drinking water are at higher risk. The disease rarely spreads through an infected person; however, it is not impossible as it can happen in crowded areas.
Rehydration is used to help replace lost fluids and electrolytes to treat cholera. To fight dehydration, the affected person is given liquids such as Oral rehydration salts (ORS) to combat dehydration.
Moreover, antibiotics are used to reduce the disease’s symptoms and duration. However, it is not a cholera treatment; these methods only relieve the symptoms.
A great way to avoid the risk of catching cholera is by taking the vaccination. There is an oral vaccine available that can provide you with the necessary protection while travelling internationally.
Individuals travelling to areas with a high risk of cholera outbreak should contact a travel clinic to guide them about the vaccine. High-risk regions include Africa, India, South Asia, Central and South America, and the Middle East.
However, it is essential to understand that the vaccine does not provide 100% protection, and necessary measures should be taken.
Miles Pharmacy provides all kinds of necessary travel vaccines, including the one for cholera. Visit our clinic now to get the most current information on health and preventive travel measures that can help ensure your safe journey.