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What treatment is given to people suffering with cholera?
Tuesday, 24 March 2020 13:59:16 Europe/London
Cholera is a highly infectious disease which gives rise to very severe watery diarrhoea and ultimately it will lead to dehydration and even death.
Cholera is easily caught by eating food and drinking water which is contaminated with the bacteria, Vibrio Cholerae. and it spreads like wildfire. Locations with poor sanitation or developing nations struggling with war or famine are common locations for outbreaks of cholera. Our travel clinic in Epsom can give you advice about how to stay safe from cholera when travelling abroad with simple steps which will help protect you.
In parts of Africa and Asia, you can catch cholera from drinking water that is not clean, eating food that has been in dirty water particularly shellfish or by eating food that has been handled by a person who already has cholera. The chances of catching Cholera are still relatively slim especially if you follow good hygiene practices and only drink boiled or bottled water and avoid certain foods. There is a cholera vaccine but this is not routinely recommended for holiday travel as good safety protocols are usually sufficient to avoid Cholera in developing countries.
What is the treatment for cholera?
The main treatment is to rehydrate the patient and replace body salts and fluids lost through the diarrhoea. This is done with rehydration solutions and ORS or Oral Rehydration Salts. ORS is supplied as a powder which can be mixed with boiled or bottled water. In bad outbreaks in developing countries, the death rate can be high without rehydration but with intervention, the fatality rate is almost zero. In some cases, IV or intravenous fluids can be used if dehydration is very severe. It is not usual to prescribe antibiotics for Cholera.
At our travel clinic in Epsom, we offer a service similar to those provided by high street pharmacies like the Boots travel clinic. We can offer the latest safety advice with practical measures to help you stay safe from cholera and other diseases on your trip. Take a look at our website www.milespharmacy.co.uk