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How is Mumps Contracted?
Tuesday, 16 March 2021 11:45:07 Europe/London
In 2019, the Public Health England (PHE) confirmed that over five thousand lab-confirmed cases of mumps were recorded in the country, the highest number of cases recorded since 2009. The rise in mumps infections continued into 2020.
The steady growth in the cases happened in the “Wakefield cohorts” demographics. It is the segment of young adults born during the late 1999s and the early 2000s when plenty of children missed out on the mumps vaccine. These children were currently in their college years.
According to reports, the viral disease transmitted through small airborne droplets most likely spread with new exposure to international demographics at universities.
Fortunately, people can easily avoid mumps through Mumps Vaccination. Find out more information about this unpleasant disease to help you avoid it.
What Is Mumps?
Mumps is a viral infection spread through the air through saliva and mucus. It is most common in younger children who have yet to be inoculated with the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine.
The viral disease can affect various parts of the body, but it is more common in the parotid glands, the glands located below the ears responsible for making the saliva. These glands usually swell when infected.
Symptoms of Mumps
The common symptoms of mumps cause painful swellings at the parotid glands. Those infected with the virus usually have a recognisable “hamster face” appearance.
Other common mumps symptoms include joint pain, headaches, and fever. These symptoms usually present before the parotid glands swell.
How Mumps Spread
Like regular colds and flu, mumps spread through saliva droplets. These can be inhaled in the air or acquired by touching surfaces in contact with the droplets.
An infected person is most contagious several days before the symptoms come out. During this time, the infected person should avoid going near other people to contain the risk of spreading the virus.
How to Prevent Mumps
Children can receive mumps protection through the MMR vaccine. Fortunately, this type of vaccine is included in the routine NHS childhood immunisation schedule in the UK.
A child must be given the first dose during the 12th to 13th month of life. The second booster is usually given when they reach the age of three years and four months. Once the child is given both vaccines, they benefit from a 95% protection rate against the disease.
How to Treat Mumps
While there is no exact cure for mumps, the infected can expect to feel better after a couple of weeks. Symptoms can be relieved by taking plenty of fluids and getting lots of rest.
Those who get mumps at the age of 16 and up can use painkillers to alleviate the body aches. Younger patients can relieve pain by applying a warm or cool compress to the swollen glands.
Complications of mumps do not normally happen, but some cases may cause viral meningitis or swelling of the ovaries or testicles, though these cases are extremely rare.
Contact Miles Pharmacy if you are in need of a private mumps booster today and offer yourself immunity.